Osiris is the Egyptian Lord of the Underworld and Judge of the Dead, Isis’ brother-husband and one of ancient Egypt’s most significant gods. The name Osiris is a Latinized version of the Egyptian Usir , which means “powerful” or “mighty.”
He was the firstborn of the gods Geb (earth) and Nut (sky) shortly after the creation of the cosmos, and he was killed by his younger brother Set before being resurrected. by his sister-wife Isis. This tale and the gods associated with it became fundamental to Egyptian culture and religious life.
Osiris was initially a fertility deity, probably from Syria (though this claim is debatable), who grew so popular that he absorbed the functions of previous gods such as Andjeti and Khentiamenti two fertility and agriculture gods worshiped at the time Abydos . He is connected with the djed symbol and is frequently portrayed with black or green skin, representing the Nile’s rich mud and rebirth.
ruler of the dead ( theories of osiris)
In his function as Judge of the Dead , he is usually shown as a mummy or partly mummified. Images of Osiris as a living deity portray him as a beautiful man in regal attire, wearing the crown of Upper Egypt as a plumed headpiece known as the atef and holding the crook and flail, emblems of the monarchy.
He is linked with the mythological Bennu bird (the inspiration for the Greek Phoenix), which emerges from the ashes. Osiris was known by several titles, the most notable of which were Wennefer, “The Beautiful One,” and Khentiamenti “The foremost of the Westerners,” in his capacity as Judge of the Dead. The west was connected with death, and ‘westerners’ became synonymous with those who had moved on to the afterlife. He was also referred to as The Lord of Love
The period of osiris
The King of the Living, and The Eternal Lord. Osiris was the most popular and lasting Egyptian deity after Isis. His worship lasted thousands of years, from just before the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3150-2613 BCE) through the Ptolemaic Monarchy (323-30 BCE), Egypt’s final dynasty before the arrival of Rome.
It is also conceivable that Osiris was worshiped in some form during Egypt’s Predynastic Period (c. 6000-3150 BCE) and that he existed at that time. According to Geraldine Pinch, a researcher, “while he is generally shown as a righteous, benign, and giving deity of life and prosperity,
there are alternative depictions of him as a frightening figure who deploys demon-messengers to pull the living into the dismal world of the dead” (Pinch, 178). The most famous and enduring picture of Osiris is as the gentle and righteous monarch who is slain by his bitter brother and then resurrects