Many locations in Sri Lanka are linked with the Indian epic poem Ramayana. The Ramayana was composed in Sanskrit around 2000 years before the beginning of Sri Lanka’s dynasty history, which begins with the arrival of Vijaya in 544 BC. It teaches us about areas from long ago, before the reign of Vijaya.
The dramatic narrative of Rama and Sita, the much-loved Indian Princess, and her kidnapping by Ravana, the Rakshasa ruler of Lanka, is well-known. When Ravana kidnapped Sita, it sparked a battle that paralleled the Trojan-Greek war waged over Helen of Troy. It is claimed that during the pre-Vijayan period, King Ravana ruled over Sri Lanka’s original people. Nagas and Yakshas It is also worth noting that 200 million years ago, Sri Lanka was geologically connected with India, Madagascar, Australia, and Antarctica in a continental mass known as Gondwana
Before seismic earthquakes, ocean currents, winds, and drifts altered the land shapes into distinct countries, the earth’s surface was one single mass. Sections of the landmass were driven in different directions throughout geological processes, resulting in the formation of continents and countries. South India moved northward, and the Himalayan mountains arose from the sea with a massive up push.
Sri Lanka split into a landmass known as Lanka Dvipa (Island of Lanka), with a portion of the land submerged. into the water According to the Ramayana legend, this occurred as a result of Ravana’s crimes, however, contemporary science has validated this seismic event
As it is today, the stretch of shore on the northwestern, northwestern, and southern coasts of Mannar may be readily accessible from India. Nomadic bands of people have utilized the Palk Strait, the Gulf of Mannar, and the buried city of Kundiramalai since pre-Vijaya times. This is most likely the route traveled by Hanuman to rescue Sita when Ravana came into India and disturbed Rama and Sita’s blissful courtship in a sylvan woodland glade in the Himalayas.Ramayana
It is also the point of Mannar known as Adam’s Bridge, a causeway made of coral reefs and shifting sand dunes that Rama utilized to transport his massive army. Before heading to fight, he is supposed to have stopped at a Shiva or Iswara shrine.
When the causeway which Hanuman undertook to finish in a month was being built, it is said a thousand squirrels came to help him. They rolled on the sandy ground and shook off the sand on the bridge and effectively filled the crevices and gaps in the causeway thanks, Rama patted them and bestowed the dark stripes on their bodies. Another noteworthy location linked with the Rama and Sita narrative is located down the southern coast on the way to Galle. Rhumassala Kanda is the name of the mountain. The summit of this peak provides a panoramic view of the Galle harbor and its surroundings. On a clear day, Adam’s Peak, Sri Pada, could be seen.
When compared to the rest of the terrain, Rhumassala Kanda appears oddly out of place. When Rama’s brother Lakshman was injured in battle, Rama is believed to have dispatched his devoted envoy Hanuman to the Himalayan Mountains to obtain a medical plant to heal him.
Hanuman, on the other hand, forgot the name of the herb and tore off a large chunk of the Himalayan Mountain, which was widely known for medical herbs. He then dropped a section of mountain landscape, which is said to be Rhumassala Kanda. Rhumassala Kanda is home to a diverse range of medicinal plants. Ravana, the Rakshasa monarch who reigned in Sri Lanka, had his capital in Ravana Kotte, which can be found on the southeastern coast as part of the Southern Bases. He is supposed to have built a unique stronghold with battlements here, where he imprisoned the lovely Sita. it can be seen Ramayana story
She remained still and erect. Waves now cover this region, although a portion of the stronghold may be seen from time to time. Later, Ravana brought Sita from Ravana Kotte to the smallest plateau of Nuwara Eliya and to a location known as Asoka Aramaya, a pleasure garden with lovely landscape and deep forest around it, for better protection. The Asoka trees bloomed there. Sita Eliya, which is located on the outskirts of Nuwara Eliya, is linked with Sita.
Hanuman also came here in search of Sita. When Rama’s army approached, Ravana relocated Sita to a densely wooded region. The Ravana Ella cave is located near Uva, at the base of a rocky crag 4500 feet above sea level. Ella is around 7 kilometers from Bandarawela and is a lovely spot to visit. The Ella gap, which can be seen if you travel to the Ella, is located at the bottom of a steep ravine. This is the well-known cave where Ravana hid Sita. There’s dense jungle here, as well as untamed and untouched alpine terrain