Between 1855 and 1863, the Russian Slavist, folk collector, and ethnographer Alexander Afanasyev produced a collection of 600 Russian fairy tales and folktales, making them available as a source of knowledge. The work was created in accordance with Grimm’s Fairy Tales, Russian Mythology which was released in 1812.
The bylinas are Old Russian heroic stories that feature characters and figures including dragons, giants, spirits, knights, epic battles, underwater realms, and whistling brigands. The “do and dare” idea, which has been an inspiration and source of amusement for ages, is a key element in these stories.
The bylinas first arose during the 10th century in the form of epic tales passed down through oral tradition. They’re only a hundred lines long, yet they’re packed with information. These were usually sung and occasionally accompanied by a stringed instrument called a gusli.
Folktales and bylinas were first sung in royal courts by professional bards before spreading to the countryside and being sung or narrated by peasant storytellers. Russian Mythology
- The Myth of Azhdaya
The fantasy of Azhdaya recounts the narrative of a belittled winged serpent. The Russian word “zmay” signifies “mythical beast” and it alludes to the society conviction that it was made from a snake that could satisfy being 100 years of age and have at least two heads.
The Azhdaya resembles an underhanded animal that spits fire and deliveries an anguishing thunder. It lives in the mountains or in caves and frequently spills its resentment on people by causing hailstorms or assaults on dairy cattle or people.
As per the verifiable records of fables in Slavic religion or agnosticism, Christianity embraced the Azhdaya as a portrayal of Satan which is introduced as a ravenous, hungry, and antagonistic animal.
- The Myth of Alkonost
In Russian legends, the fantasy of Alkonost recounts the tale of the magnificent bird-like animal Alkonost that lives in Iriy (Heaven).
Alkonost is a wonderful bird with wings, tail, and legs of a bird yet a head and middle of a lady. It has a wonderful voice and it brings messages from the otherworld by singing melodies.
At the point when winter comes, she hovers over the ocean and lays eggs on coastlines however at that point drops them on the lower part of the ocean. After seven days, when the eggs incubate, storms start to thunder, accordingly Alkonost controls the climate.
- The Myth of Baba Yaga
The legends and fantasies about Baba Yaga are one of the most well known with regards to Russian fables custom. More or less, despite the fact that there are varieties of this person, Slavic classic stories present Baba Yaga as an extraordinary being that shows up as a pitiless, distorted elderly person.
Baba Yaga lives in a cottage in the forest and stands on chicken legs. In the greater part of the stories, she rides a brush or a mortar and uses a pestle as a weapon. She startles youngsters and furthermore eats them.
Notwithstanding, some story adaptations present Baba Yaga as a person of insight that can likewise help the individuals who are searching for her or experience her.
Her job in folklore is maternal, however baffling, related with the force of backwoods untamed life.
In any case, Baba Yaga is one of the most essential and unmistakable in Eastern European old stories.
- The Myth of Babaroga
Babaroga is a legendary animal most popular among the Southern Slavs. The Slavic folklore addresses her figure as a monstrous, hunchbacked elderly person that has a horn that is outgrowing her temple.
The name of Baba Roga really originates from her unmistakable facial element, for example the horn on her head since “rog” in Russian signifies “horn”.
Baba Roga lives in dull caverns in the mountain and in the woodland where daylight approaches just at Midsummer (in Russian “Ivanjdan”) which is really the main day when she leaves the cavern and conveys her brush with her.
As per the story, Baba Roga visits dozing kids around evening time, wraps them up, and brings them charming dreams. It was accepted that if a kid awakens and sees her, she would leave it alone frightened so the injury would set it up for the difficulties of grown-up life.
- The Legend of Balachko
Among the numerous Russian fanciful animals is likewise the legend of the monster Balachko.
Balachko is a monster with three heads. From one of the heads he could spit fire, from the other he could take in freezing air from cold breezes.
The discharge and the virus wind were this present goliath’s weapons and when he would at long last spend the last saves, he required some time before he would recover once more. At that point, he would have no insurance and turned into an obvious objective to kill.
As per the legend, one of the Russian Tzars utilized this chance to kill the goliath and save the princess that was seized by Balachko.
- The Legend of Bauk
Throughout the entire existence of Souther Slavic convictions, Bauk was an unnerving creature like animal with an impossible to miss method of strolling.
As indicated by the legend, Bauk was stowing away in dull places or deserted structures where he would sit and sneak at preys that he would ultimately get and eat up.
The best way to frighten him away was to utilize light and commotion. Some translation of the traits of bauk have drawn out the end that this legendary animal is really a portrayal of a genuine bear.
- The Myth of Beda
The Myth of Beda recounts the narrative of a devil that was for the most part perceived in the domain of Southern Slavic fables.
Beda is introduced as a thin and vile animal that duplicates quick and likes to take individuals’ things and afterward cover them underground.
“Beda” can be deciphered as “hopelessness” which clearly alludes to a malicious animal that carries difficulties to humankind.
Beda is a plummet of phantoms and in certain variants of Chuma, a fanciful representation of plague.
Beda ponders all throughout the planet assaults individuals and torments their spirits and bodies. Throughout the entire existence of Russian old stories, there are even truisms that notice Beda that allude to an individual’s evil confidence or fate.
- The Legend of Besomar
In Russian folklore, Besomar is introduced as an evil spirit that is related with scorn and disdain. As per a few renditions of the legend about this devil, he is the incomparable evil presence divine force of every detestable soul.
His name gets from “bes” which signifies “rage, outrage” in English, and “mora” which means “torment, passing”.
- The Legend of Gostomysi
The Russian legend of Gostomysl is a test to each advanced antiquarian and it is identified with a ruler from Novogorod in the ninth century.
As indicated by the legend, during his standard, Gostomysl confederated the Northern clans which countered the Varangian danger in the ninth century and brought together the Chuds, Ilmen Slavs, Krivchs, and Merya.
As indicated by certain antiquarians, the capital of this confederation was in the present Russia, and Gostomysl was one of the pioneers.
- The Myth of Chernava
Chernava is a fanciful person that is introduced as a mermaid and the little girl of the Sea Tsar (Morskoy Tsar in Russian). She is additionally the soul that represents a stream with a similar name.
The head and the middle of Chernava are of a human female while the lower body has a fishtail.
In one of the bylinas, Chernava is depicted as one of the 900 mermaids. She is a youthful, little young lady who is presented to the performer versifier Sadko who was caught in the submerged realm to be his new spouse by the Sea Tsar.
Sadko acknowledged and took her by on their wedding night he didn’t contact her yet lay alongside her. At the point when he was sleeping, Chernava transformed into a stream and assisted him with streaming once more into the human world so he worked up on the shore by the waterway Chernava and was at long last back in the arms of his first spouse.